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Nutrition Diet for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus


May 6, 2021

According to World Health Organisation, more than 100 million people in the world live with Diabetes Mellitus.

In the year 2012, about 2.2 million people succumbed to complications related to diabetes but in 2019, about 1.5 million people died of diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by elevated blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Hyperglycemia, when poorly controlled, may lead to many medical complications such as kidney failure, heart failure, blindness due to diabetic retinopathy, stroke among other complications.

Dr.Pascal Mutekhele, a Registered Clinical Nutritionist based in Bungoma town, says quite a number of lower limb amputations result from complications of diabetes.

For instance, inadequate care of a wound on the lower limb may lead to a chronic invasive debilitating wound resulting to diabetic foot. This infectious wound may result to amputation of the entire limb.

Diabetes may lower body immunity. Consequently, most patients suffer from urinary tract infections (UTI) therefore, Dr. Mutekhele advises that you regularly have your blood sugar levels checked if you experience a recurring UTI. Corona virus also contributes to increased blood sugar levels.


Obesity: It is one of the main causes of diabetes. Body mass index (BMI) above 25kg/m2 predisposes one to insulin resistance due to excessive accumulation of fat in blood. This leads to hyperglycemia.

Genetics: History of diabetes in the family indicates probability that any member of that family can suffer from diabetes mellitus. However, adopting healthy lifestyle may delay the onset of the disease.

Diet: Dr. Mutekhele, who is also a Lecturer of Nutrition and Dietetics, adds that excessive intake of junk food- foods rich in calories but poor in nutrients- may predisposes one to diabetes. Fatty foods, sugary drinks, high cholesterol lead to obesity, hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia thus, leading to diabetes.

Inadequate intake of high fiber diet is a risk factor for diabetes.
Alcohol intake: Alcohol contains excess calories. 1 gram of alcohol provides about 7 Calories, 3 calories more than 1 gram of pure glucose. These excess calories contributes to unnecessary weight increase. Alcohol, when taken in large quantities, may promote acute pancreatitis, cancer of the pancreas or both. Pancreas, as a result, may have its role of producing insulin inhibited leading to hyperglycemia.

Lack of physical exercise may lead to increased body weight especially when one’s intake of diet is not well controlled.

  • Symptoms

    Blurred vision
    Poor wound healing
    Low libido
    Excessive thirst
    Excessive hunger
    Dry mouth

Some of these symptoms may be present in young children.


  • Maintain healthy body weight
  • Physical exercise- at least 30 minutes/ day
  • See a Nutritionist to have a diet plan to control blood sugar
  • Avoid alcohol and cigarette.

Dr. Mutekhele has been providing a professional diet plan for patients with Diabetes Mellitus for three years now. Many patients, he says, lack proper awareness on how to manage their conditions, leading to extreme damages to thousands of lives out there.

“Prevention is better than cure and following a proper diet plan and a healthy lifestyle will save you from unnecessary expenditure and health conditions,” he says.

You can visit his Nutrition Care Centre Clinic on Meko’s Plaza, 2nd floor Room No.14, next to Marrel Academy school gate where hundreds of patients have benefited from his simple, professional nutrition plan.

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For more information and contacts, check the graphics above.

DR. Mutekhele: 0719146168, 0739403953, 0728269633 and 0729391486.